Federal Government Credit Card Purchases
Department Guidelines for Federal Government Credit Card Purchases
Some federal government credit cards issued under the GSA SmartPay 2 Program may be used to make exempt purchases in accordance with the government exemption provided in Va. Code § 58.1-609.1(4). The billing method determines the tax status of purchases. Only those cards that are billed and paid directly by the federal government (centrally billed) can be used to make exempt purchases.
Travel purchases are often billed to an individual government employee cardholder. When individually billed, these purchases are taxable. The following addresses the application of the Virginia retail sale and use tax to the four types of credit cards issued under the SmartPay 2 Program.
Purpose: For travel expenses related to official government travel
Description: Blue stripe on left with legend: For Official Government Travel Only
Card/1st 4 #s: Visa: 4486 & 4614 and MasterCard: 5565 & 5568
Comment: The sixth digit of the Travel card number determines the tax status
Billing/Status: Taxable - Individually billed if sixth digit: 1, 2, 3 or 4
Exempt - Centrally billed if sixth digit: 0, 6, 7, 8 or 9
Purpose: For government purchases of general supplies and services
Description: Red stripe on left with legend: For Official US Government Purchases Only
Card/1st 4 #s: Visa: 4486, 4614 & 4716 and MasterCard: 5565 & 5568
Billing/Status: Exempt - All Purchase cards are centrally billed
Purpose: For government vehicle fuel and maintenance requirements
Description: Green stripe on left with legend: For Official Government Fleet Use Only
Card/1st 4 #s: MasterCard: 5565 & 5568, Voyager: 8699 and Wright Express: 5565
Billing/Status: Exempt - All Fleet cards are centrally billed
Purpose: Has characteristics of two or more SmartPay 2 card types in a single card
Description: Tan stripe on left with legend: For Official Government Use Only
Card/1st 4 #s: Varies by agency - Currently only used by the Department of the Interior
Comment: Meals and incidental expenses are taxable when paid by an Integrated card
Billing/Status: The type of purchase determines the tax status (only for Integrated cards)
Meals/Misc: Taxable - Meals and incidental expenses are individually billed
Travel: Exempt - Airline tickets, lodging, shuttles, rental cars, taxis, etc. are centrally billed
Purchase: Exempt - Purchase card type purchases are centrally billed
Fleet: Exempt - Fleet card type purchases are centrally billed
Because the taxable or exempt status of the qualifying cards can be determined by the card account numbers, it is not necessary that federal government entities provide vendors with an exemption certificate or purchase order when making exempt purchases using such credit cards.
The department currently relies on the credit card number to determine whether a particular transaction qualifies as an exempt purchase by the federal government. In auditing vendors, the department verifies that an exempt credit card number has been used to pay for an exempt transaction. Vendors, in accepting these credit cards, must make a determination of the taxable or exempt status of the transaction based on the card account number. In order to document an exempt transaction, vendors must retain in their records a copy of the sales invoice, receipt, or on-line transaction log that includes the credit card number (or photo copy of the exempt credit card).
The full text of P.D. 03-94 that sets forth this policy is found in the Tax Policy Library at this website. (The GSA SmartPay 2 Program became effective on November 30, 2008. In most instances, the handling of sales tax transactions under SmartPay 2 remains the same as under SmartPay.)
Additional information about the GSA SmartPay Program can be found at http://www.gsa.gov/gsasmartpay