Medical and Dental Expenses

See Medical and Dental Expenses on our Additions page for more details. If you itemized deductions on your federal return, and claimed a deduction for medical and dental expenses, a law recently passed by the General Assembly impacts you.

Fixed Date Conformity Provisions

Since 1972, Virginia has conformed to federal income tax law. Whenever federal income tax law changed, the changes automatically affected Virginia income taxes, unless otherwise exempt. Beginning in 2002, each session of the Virginia General Assembly has fixed a date of conformity with the Internal Revenue Code. Under emergency legislation passed by the 2018 General Assembly and signed by Governor Northam, Virginia's conformity to the terms of the Internal Revenue Code will advance to February 9, 2018, with certain exceptions.  For details on these exceptions, see Tax Bulletin 18-1.

Clarification on Cancellation of Debt Income

Cancellation of debt income ("CODI") arises when a creditor forgives all or any portion of a debt, such as when a bank agrees to a short sale in lieu of foreclosure. Although the creditor will issue a Form 1099 reporting the amount of debt forgiven in the transaction, there are several exceptions that exempt the CODI from taxation, such as the debtor being insolvent or bankrupt.

In the case of individuals, if the CODI arose from the taxpayer's principal residence the taxpayer may qualify for exemption under the Mortgage Debt Relief Act of 2007. Virginia fully conforms to the federal exemption from taxation of CODI attributable to insolvency, bankruptcy, or the Mortgage Debt Relief Act of 2007.

In 2009 Congress added subsection (i) to IRC § 108 (Deferral and ratable inclusion of income arising from business indebtedness discharged by the reacquisition of a debt instrument). This subsection allows a business to elect a five-year deferral to report CODI arising from certain refinancing of business debt.

In 2010 the General Assembly deconformed from the federal deferral under IRC § 108(i). Therefore, businesses that elect to defer their qualifying CODI under IRC § 108(i) will be required to make fixed date conformity adjustments on many of their Virginia income tax returns throughout the deferral period. In all other respects Virginia conforms to the treatment of CODI under IRC § 108.

Businesses that are required to make a fixed date conformity adjustment on their Virginia returns attributable to the IRC § 108(i) deferral may elect to make the addition over three taxable years if the reacquisition transaction closed on or before April 21, 2010. The General Assembly extended this election at its 2011 session to apply to transactions closing between January 1 and April 21, 2010. Because this was not enacted until the Governor signed HB 1874 on February 16, 2011, the extension is not reflected in the forms and instructions.

Regardless of whether the business elects to report the fixed-date conformity addition over one year or three years, the business will report a fixed-date conformity subtraction in each taxable year that the deferred CODI is subsequently included in its federal taxable income.